Bertossi, Alan Albert and Olariu, Stephan and Pinotti, Maria Cristina and Zheng, S.-Q. (2002) *Selection on Matrices Classifying Rows and Columns.* UNSPECIFIED. (Submitted)

## Abstract

The median problem transforms a set of $N$ numbers in such a way that none of the first $\frac{N}{2}$ numbers exceeds any of the last $\frac{N}{2}$ numbers. A comparator network that solves the median problem on a set of $r$ numbers is commonly called an $r$-{\em classifier}. This paper shows how the well-known Leighton's Columnsort algorithm can be modified to solve the median problem of $N=rs$ numbers, with $1 \le s \le r$,using an $r$-classifier instead of an $r$-sorting network. Overall the $r$-classifier is used $O(s)$ times, namely the same number of times that Columnsort applies an $r$-sorter. A hardware implementation is proposed that runs in optimal $O(s + \log r)$ time and uses an $O(r\log r(s + \log r))$ work. The implementation shows that when $N= r\log r$ there is a classifier network solving the median problem on $N$ numbers in the same $O(\log r)$ time and using the same $O(r\log r)$ comparators as an $r$-classifier, thus saving a $\log r$ factor in the number of comparators over an $(r\log r)$-classifier.

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