Fast Local Support Vector Machines for Large Datasets

Segata, Nicola and Blanzieri, Enrico (2008) Fast Local Support Vector Machines for Large Datasets. UNSPECIFIED.

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    Local SVM is a classification method that combines instance-based learning and statistical machine learning. It builds an SVM on the feature space neighborhood of the query point in the training set and uses it to predict its class. There is both empirical and theoretical evidence that Local SVM can improve over SVM and kNN in terms of classification accuracy, but the computational cost of the method permits the application only on small datasets. Here we propose FastLSVM, a classifier based on Local SVM that decreases the number of SVMs that must be built in order to be suitable for large datasets. FastLSVM precomputes a set of local SVMs in the training set and assigns to each model all the points lying in the central neighborhood of the k points on which it is trained. The prediction is performed applying to the query point the model corresponding to its nearest neighbor in the training set. The empirical evaluation we provide points out that FastLSVM is a good approximation of Local SVM and its computational performances on big datasets (a large artificial problem with 100000 samples and on a very large real problem with more than 500000 samples) dramatically ameliorate SVM ones improving also the generalization accuracies.

    Item Type: Departmental Technical Report
    Department or Research center: Information Engineering and Computer Science
    Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA076 Computer software
    Report Number: DISI-08-063
    Repository staff approval on: 28 Nov 2008

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