Bose-Einstein condensation and Spontaneous Breaking of Conformal Symmetry on Killing Horizons

Moretti, Valter and Pinamonti, Nicola (2004) Bose-Einstein condensation and Spontaneous Breaking of Conformal Symmetry on Killing Horizons. UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)

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    Local scalar QFT (inWeyl algebraic approach) is constructed on degenerate semi-Riemannian manifolds corresponding to Killing horizons in spacetime. Covariance properties of the C-algebra of observables with respect to the conformal group PSL(2,R) are studied. It is shown that, in addition to the state studied by Guido, Longo, Roberts and Verch for bifurcated Killing horizons, which is conformally invariant and KMS at Hawking temperature with respect to the Killing flow and defines a conformal net of von Neumann algebras, there is a further wide class of algebraic states representing spontaneous breaking of PSL(2,R) symmetry. This class is labeled by functions in a suitable Hilbert space and their GNS representations enjoy remarkable properties. The states are non equivalent extremal KMS states at Hawking temperature with respect to the residual one-parameter subgroup of PSL(2,R) associated with the Killing flow. The KMS property is valid for the two local sub algebras of observables uniquely determined by covariance and invariance under the residual symmetry unitarily represented. These algebras rely on the physical region of the manifold corresponding to a Killing horizon cleaned up by removing the unphysical points at infinity (necessary to describe the whole PSL(2,R) action). Each of the found states can be interpreted as a different thermodynamic phase, containing Bose-Einstein condensate, for the considered quantum field. It is finally suggested that the quantum field could be interpreted as a noncommutative coordinate on the horizon since its mean value on any of the states introduced above defines, in fact, a (commutative) coordinate on the horizon.

    Item Type: Departmental Technical Report
    Department or Research center: Mathematics
    Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
    Report Number: UTM 674, September 2004
    Repository staff approval on: 18 May 2005

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