Raza, Usman and Camerra, Alessandro and Murphy, Amy L. and Palpanas, Themis and Picco, Gian Pietro (2014) Practical Data Prediction for Real-World Wireless Sensor Networks. Trento, Italy : University of Trento, Italy. (Submitted)
Data prediction is proposed in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) to extend the system lifetime by enabling the sink to determine the data sampled, within some accuracy bounds, with only minimal communication from source nodes. Several theoretical studies clearly demonstrate the tremendous potential of this approach, able to suppress the vast majority of data reports at the source nodes. Nevertheless, the techniques employed are relatively complex, and their feasibility on resource-scarce WSN devices often not ascertained. More generally, the literature lacks reports from real-world deployments, quantifying the overall system-wide lifetime improvements determined by the interplay of data prediction with the underlying network. These two aspects, feasibility and system wide gains, are key in determining the practical usefulness of data prediction in real-world WSN applications. In this paper, we describe Derivative-Based Prediction (DBP), a novel data prediction technique much simpler than state-of-the-art ones. Evaluation with real data sets from diverse WSN deployments shows that DBP often performs better than the competition, with data suppression rates up to 99% and good prediction accuracy. However, experiments with real WSNs show that, when the network stack is taken into consideration, DBP only triples lifetime—a remarkable result per se, but a far cry from the data suppression rates above. To fully achieve the energy savings enabled by data prediction, the data and network layers must be jointly optimized. In our testbed, a simple tuning of the MAC and routing stack, taking into account the operation of DBP, yields a remarkable seven-fold lifetime improvement w.r.t. the mainstream periodic reporting.
Actions (login required)