Synthesis of Arbitrary Sidelobes Sum and Difference Patterns with Common Excitation Weights

Rocca, Paolo and Morabito, Andrea and Isernia, Tommaso and Massa, Andrea (2011) Synthesis of Arbitrary Sidelobes Sum and Difference Patterns with Common Excitation Weights. UNSPECIFIED.

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    The synthesis of sum and difference patterns is a canonical problem widely dealt with by researchers working on antenna array synthesis. As a matter of fact, they are used as transmitting/receiving devices for search‐and‐track systems (e.g., monopulse radars [1]). In this framework, several procedures have been proposed to reduce the complexity of the beam forming network aimed at generating at least a couple of radiation patterns. Among them, the generation of an optimal sum pattern and a difference one has been carried out by means of a sub‐arraying strategy [2,3]. The simplification of the hardware complexity has also been addressed by sharing some excitations for the sum and difference channels [4]. Recently, the synthesis of low‐sidelobe sum and difference patterns with a common aperture has been carried out by perturbing the roots of the Bayliss distribution to match as much as possible a given Taylor distribution [5]. The discrete linear arrays have been successively obtained by sampling the resulting continuous apertures. In this work, the same array synthesis problem dealt with in [5] is addressed, and an innovative approach based on a deterministic optimization strategy is presented wherein the problem is formulated as the minimization of a linear function over a convex set. Taking advantage from the approaches proposed in [6] and [7] for the optimal synthesis of sum and difference patterns respectively, the proposed method allows one to synthesize patterns with arbitrary sidelobes (unlike [5]).

    Item Type: Departmental Technical Report
    Department or Research center: Information Engineering and Computer Science
    Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7885 Computer Engineering
    Q Science > QC Physics (General) > QC661 Electromagnetic Theory
    Q Science > QC Physics (General) > QC760 Electromagnetism
    Additional Information: This version is a pre-print of the final version available at IEEE.
    Report Number: DISI-11-165
    Repository staff approval on: 04 Jul 2011

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