OpenKnowledge at work: exploring centralized and decentralized information gathering in emergency contexts

Trecarichi, Gaia and Rizzi, Veronica and Vaccari, Lorenzino and Marchese, Maurizio and Besana, Paolo (2009) OpenKnowledge at work: exploring centralized and decentralized information gathering in emergency contexts. UNSPECIFIED. (Submitted)

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    Real-world experience teaches us that to manage emergencies, efficient crisis response coordination is crucial; ICT infrastructures are effective in supporting the people involved in such contexts, by supporting effective ways of interaction. They also should provide innovative means of communication and information management. At present, centralized architectures are mostly used for this purpose; however, alternative infrastructures based on the use of distributed information sources, are currently being explored, studied and analyzed. This paper aims at investigating the capability of a novel approach (developed within the European project OpenKnowledge1) to support centralized as well as decentralized architectures for information gathering. For this purpose we developed an agent-based e-Response simulation environment fully integrated with the OpenKnowledge infrastructure and through which existing emergency plans are modelled and simulated. Preliminary results show the OpenKnowledge capability of supporting the two afore-mentioned architectures and, under ideal assumptions, a comparable performance in both cases.

    Item Type: Departmental Technical Report
    Department or Research center: Information Engineering and Computer Science
    Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA076 Computer software
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Interaction Modeling, p2p Networks, Process Coordination, Centralized Knowledge Sharing, p2p Knowledge Sharing, Crisis Management, Agent-based Emergencies Simulation.
    Additional Information: Submitted to 6th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management.
    Report Number: DISI-09-011
    Repository staff approval on: 10 Mar 2009

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