Sebastiani, Roberto and Vescovi, Michele (2006) Encoding the satisfiability of modal and description logics into SAT: the case study of K(m)/ALC. UNSPECIFIED. (Submitted)
In the last two decades, modal and description logics have been applied to numerous areas of computer science, including artificial intelligence, formal verification, database theory, and distributed computing. For this reason, the problem of automated reasoning in modal and description logics has been throughly investigated. In particular, many approaches have been proposed for efficiently handling the satisfiability of the core normal modal logic Km, and of its notational variant, the description logic ALC. Although simple in structure, Km/ALC is computationally very hard to reason on, its satisfiability being PSPACE-complete. In this paper we explore the idea of encoding Km/ALC-satisfiability into SAT, so that to be handled by state-of-the-art SAT tools.We propose an efficient encoding, and we test it on an extensive set of benchmarks, comparing the approach with the main state-of-the-art tools available. Although the encoding is necessarily worst-case exponential, from our experiments we notice that, in practice, this approach can handle most or all the problems which are at the reach of the other approaches, with performances which are comparable with, or even better than, those of the current state-of-the-art tools.
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